カテゴリ:ENGLISH( 4 )

Janapese key board 日本語の入力方法

I got a mail about Japanese key board, how we put words.
Today, I try to write about this.

キーボードで日本語ってどうやって入力するの?という質問をスウェーデンのLGMDの方から質問されたので、せっかくなのでここに書いておきます(^^♪

There're 3 types of characters in Japanese. Basics are about 50 sounds.
We use these basic sounds to write sentense.

3 types of characters:
Kanji- Chinese characters. Combination of this produces meaning like word of English.
Hiragana - we use this as sounds and some words are writen by this. All of Japanese can be expressed by this, but if you use too much Hiragana, you'll be difficult to read sentense.
Katakana - it's like as Hiragana, but used mainly for words which come from foreign countries.

Combination of these can produce Japanese sentense. we first learn Hiragana &
Katakana at school, then we learn Kanji. Most Japanese learn about 1,000 - 2,000 Kanji. (We learn 1,000 at primary school by the age of 12.)

Then, when we use key board, we can use both alphabet & Hiragana to type. But most people use alphabet, because there're only 26 characters in alphabet and we can do touch typing. It's easier to learn the position of 50 characters of Japanese key board position.
We use 1 or 2 alphabet to make one Japanese basic sound. Then, we put sounds, change to Kanji; Chinese character, if needed.
Japanese sounds are made by 1 vowel & 1 consonants. "あいうえお" are made only by vowels.

If you are more interested in this, please see here, wikipedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanization_of_Japanese


This is Japanese key board. Some use key board not written Japanese Hiragana. As it's simpler.
d0056588_11315237.gif


Though Japanese is very complicated language, I like to use it, as Kanji is nice culture!! Grammar of Japanese is also complicated and very different from English or western language, we have difficulty in using Google translation... It's easier to use English, I think.

I wonder how Korean & Arabic are written.
I studied Korean for only one month. I think it's near Japanese. They have original characters. But I'm not at all have knowledge of Arabic...

It's very nice that I can communicate with people all over the world by using English. I hope to keep updating my blog.

Thank you :)
[PR]

by fradol | 2012-06-09 11:37 | ENGLISH

Bonin Islands Ogasawara trip with wheelchair

I have LGMD (Limb-Girdle muscular dystrophy) and using wheelchair.
I love to travel both in Japan and foreign countries.

I went to Bonin Islands; Ogasawara in June 2011. Ogasawara's now world heritage.
I'd like to write this for travellers with wheelchair.
I think there's not so much infomation about travel with wheelchair to Ogasawara. As it is really hard for wheelchair users to go there.

First of all, you need to board on ship for 25 hours and 30 minutes.
The ship leaves Tokyo only once in 6 days. In busy seasons, once in 3 days. There's only one way to go to Bonin Islands. You have to get on this ship, Ogasawara-maru.

When you get on the ship, staffs can help you. But I think it's hard to go with heavy wheelchair such as a power chair. Staffs help you by man powers, they held up me on my wheelchair. My wheelchair is not powered one, it's very light one.

There are 5 classes of rooms in the ship. You need to stay with over 20 people in the standard class. (You sleep there and space for one person is very small.)
If you choose upper class to stay, it may be more confortable. But there's no eleveter in the ship. There's 5 decks in the ship. From the top, A, B, C, D & E.
The standard class stays on C, D & E decks.
The top class stays on B deck. But the restaurant and wheelchair accessible rest room is on C deck. So you need someone's help if you stay B deck and want to go to C deck for take dish.

The ship goes up and down when the wave of the sea is high. It is tough work to stay in the ship for 25 hours for someone don't have enough power.
If you don't like to get on ship, you shouldn't go to Bonin Islands.

When you arrive Chichi-jima; main island of Bonin Islands, the sea is really nice!!!!!!
It may be hard to go to beach with wheelchair, but there's some wheelchair accessible points.
I'm writing trip diaries about Ogasawara, please see below.
Contents about Trips

There's not a big hotel in Chichi-jima. I went to a condominium named "Portlloyd". There's one step to go into the building. And there are two steps to go into the room. As I can walk, it was confortable for me. In Japan, you need to get off shoes in the house or this type of condominium. In most hotels, you can wear shoes. It is difficult to go into Japanese-type room with wheelchair.
You can't do camps in Ogasawara area.

It is not possible to go to Minami-jima (South island of Ogasawara area). You can go near the island by boat, but it is hard for normal power people to land this island. There's no pier to get off the boat. You need to climb a rock or swim to land there.

To conserve this nice nature, it's hard to make big facilities. It is hard to go there, and I couldn't go there without my husband's help.
Please enjoy my diaries and feel free to contact me.
[PR]

by fradol | 2011-07-06 19:27 | ENGLISH

I want to meet...

I try to write in English today as I want many people to read my blog :-)

There are many people I want to meet and I already met more than 50 people this year.
But it's not enough! I want to talk with more and more people.

I'm trying to communicate with more than 100 people by next March.

I wish to meet Mandy Van Benthuysen who has LGMD, limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.
I read her essay in home page of MDA, muscular dystrophy associasion of US.

I also have LGMD since 3 yrs old.
As this disease's progressive, now I'm using power chair at my office.
Though I can walk at home, it's good for me to use power chair as I can walk around the office with this!
I thought it's good to use power chair, when I read Mandy's essay.

I'd like to meet her someday :-)
Please let me know if you can contact her!

+++

On Jan 13th, 2010, I'm adding comment. I can finally contact her!!!
[PR]

by fradol | 2009-11-18 22:06 | ENGLISH

1.Telling about disease.

受賞した文を英語に訳してみました。1章だけだけど。USの筋ジス協会の人がぜひ訳してというので。それにしても長い。2時間もかかってしまった。。。読む人いるのかな。ちょっとカケです。

I got prize at essay contest of people with disabilities and who support those people. It's held by NHK. I wrote about myself and got 1st prize last year. I translated 1st section of my essay.

Please give me comments if you have any. You can write comments by clicking comments. 名前 means name and 削除用パスワード設定 means password (you need to put them). Please feel free to comment. If you need to send me private comments, please check "非公開コメント". Only I can read comments by checking it.

Now, please enjoy my essay.

1.Telling about disease.

I was not at all good at talking about my disease.
When I talk about it, I felt sorry and embarrassed.
No one owes to my handicap, but I felt I myself have a cause of my fault.

Muscular-Dystrophy; muscle of whole body becomes weaker by progress of disease.
Progress differs from patient to patient. Speed of it and symptom of disease also differs.

I am diagnosed of it when I was 3 years old. I did come to know the name of disease when I was 18. I didn't felt progress by then and I just had known that my muscle is little weaker than other people. From when I was at a kinder garden pupil, I couldn't run fast and I needed handrails when I use steps, but I didn't know my disease is progressive.
Until I was a high school student, other people couldn't tell that I have a disease from my appearance, unless I didn't go up stairs or I ran. I hid my disease lest other people couldn't know it.

My symptoms of that time was; easy to getting tired, needing a handrail to go up and down stairs and unable to run fast.

It was difficult for me to explain. I was worried if I could tell it properly and embarrassed about my disease. I just told my teachers and close friend. It was hard to tell "resting not to be tired" from "playing hooky". As the borderline of them was not clear, I often got tired by overworking.

Being "little" different from other people, I suffered a mental conflict when I was a junior high student, in adolescence.
"Why am I living?"
"How and where lives come from and why do I have to die?"
"Why everyone's not same and there are many kind of people; differs in skin and eye color or "with and without" disease."

Questions no one can answer came one after another. I was enclosed into a shell. I didn't know the name of my disease, but I knew that my disease can't be cured by modern medical science. I was in despair.

As the Internet was not widely used at that time, I couldn't search about my disease by using keywords. I didn't know the existence of other patient. I couldn't go out of my narrow world.

After compulsory education, I entered high school.
My teacher told "High school is where to go by your will; you need to study by yourself." I went school though it was tough.
I felt I wanted to go to university; I entered a cram school at the same time.
It was best place for me as I usually thought "I want to challenge by studying as I can't move around." By counseling about my university and my disease, I was really motivated.

During my high school time, I studied hard. I got opportunity to talk with classmate about studying and my high school time became happier.
To enter university, I felt I have to challenge.
But the question: "Why am I living?" didn't disappear.

I was worried about what to study. I felt "I can't work which needs power. I want to utilize my study to work."
Honestly, I couldn't find what to do. There wasn't anyone who had disease as me and going university. I couldn't find any role-model.
I just had a vague image that I wanted to work at office by using numerals.

When I listened to a university student, I felt like "I want to study that!" (She came to my school to have a teaching practice when I was in 3rd grade of high school.)
Administration engineering: Science to study total administration of Items/Human/Money/Information. Curriculum includes industrial engineering, human engineering, management, programming and so on. An employment rate is high.
I was thinking I would have difficulty of being employed if I didn't have any skills.
The university which my senior was going was not so far from my home.
I went to see that university in summer holidays. I was more motivated and studied hard.
I could pass the test by recommendations test system in autumn.

I came to know my disease's name by the document which I submitted to university.
It was: "Limb-girdle Muscular dystrophy."
I learned about my disease by searching in internet at my university.
I got to know that it's "progressive".
I had already realized a little as my physical strength was getting weaker, but I was shocked that I might use wheelchair by progress.
I was worried if I can graduate. It took one hour from my home to school.

The schoolhouse changed when I became 3rd year. It was on the top of mountain and far from the station. Usual person would take 20 minutes for one-way. It was tough for me to go; I took taxi from station to school every day.
It became difficult for me to standing up from sitting position in trains as my disease progressed. I might not stand up if I didn't choose where to sit. When I took train, I felt fright and avoided public notice. It's difficult to sit on priority seat as no one can tell my disease from appearance.
But finally, I could finish 4 years at university.

I couldn't participate in club as I didn't have enough power. But I participated in almost all classes at university. I chose a laboratory which I don't need to participate for long hours. Though there were things which I couldn't do because of my disease, I had irreplaceable nice time of 4 years.

When I was in 3rd grade of university, I got ID card of disability.
"To work", I became a disabled person from a person with disease. (In Japan, person who doesn't have ID card of disability is not called disabled person legally.)
My diagnose was "3rd grade of disability with upper and lower girdle".
I felt relieved in some points by having an ID of my disease. It became easier for me to tell about the disease.

I used internet to search about job. I looked into companies near from my home in the HP which introduces companies recruiting disabled people.
I found a nice company which is 15 minutes by car from my home and office is suitable for disabled people.
I wasn't sure if the job fitted for me, I felt I had to challenge. I decided to try.
While I talked with people at personnel section, I knew there were chances regardless of disease or handicap. I wanted to work there so much.
Adding the name of my disease, I told that I was easy to get tired and couldn't go around by walking. At the 2nd interview, I went to the office where I work. My worries little decreased.
Finally, I had 3 interviews and I got chance to work!

I was told by an office doctor, "You should use a stick. By using it, other people can know you have a handicap with feet and they care about it."
At that time, I could walk without sticks, but I tried to use it when I travel. I had complicated feeling, but other people surely helped me. When I had difficulty of getting on train, someone gave me a hand. When I went a restaurant, I was taken to a table seat soon. (In Japan, there is place called "Ozashiki" seat where we sit down on floor of tatami, Japanese carpet.)
At university, I first time used a stick at the commencement. My friends was little worried about that, but I could tell that my disease was progressive. It was a nice step for me that I could show real myself. I felt that it became easier to tell about disease by using a stick as other people can imagine I have a trouble with my feet by appearance.
[PR]

by fradol | 2009-02-07 15:22 | ENGLISH